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Indonesian Legislation on Zoos

Two legislations that underpin the establishment of zoos in Indonesia are:

  1. Instruction of the Minister of Home Affairs No. 35/1997 on the Cultivation and Management of Flora and Fauna Gardens in Local Regions.
  2. Decision Letter of the Minister of Forestry and Estate Crops No. 479/Kpts – II/1998 concerning Conservation Bodies for Plants and Wildlife.

The Instruction of the Minister of Home Affairs stipulates that all governors and regency heads in Indonesia are responsible for the cultivation and management of the flora and fauna in their respective areas. Whereas the Decision Letter of the Minister of Forestry No. 479 regulates the licensing procedures, criteria, requirements, rights and responsibilities of zoos.

The establishment of a zoo in Indonesia must be done under license from the Minister of Forestry, and receive a recommendation from the local government as well as the Indonesian Zoo and Aquarium Association (PKBSI).

Zoo management authorities are also required to submit a periodic report on the state of the animals (including the increase and decrease in the number of animals) to the Minister of Forestry thr